Accounting is the fine art of measuring, communicating and interpreting economic activity

Accounting is the measurement, translation, or provision of assurance about details that will assist managers, investors, tax authorities and additional decision makers to make source allocation decisions within businesses, organizations, and government companies. Accounting is the fine art of measuring, communicating and interpreting economic activity. Broadly, accounting is also known as the “language of business”. Accounting aims to prepare an accurate financial statements that can be used by managers, policy makers, and other interested celebrations, such as shareholders, creditors, or owners. Daily record keeping involved in this process is known as bookkeeping. Financial accounting is definitely a branch of accounting in which financial details in a business is recorded, classified, summarized, interpreted, and communicated. Auditing, the disciplines related but stay independent from the accounting, is definitely a process in which an independent examiner review the economic statements of an organization to provide an opinion or – reasonable but not guaranteed to be totally – about the fairness and compliance with accounting rules generally acceptable ,

Accounting practitioners are known as accountants. Officially qualified accountants have a certain degree distinct in each country. An example is definitely a Chartered Accountant (FCA, CA or ACA), Chartered Certified Accountant (ACCA or FCCA), Supervision Accountant (ACMA, FCMA or AICWA), Certified Open public Accountant (CPA) and Certified Basic Accountant (CGA). In Indonesia, a certified public accountant known as CPA Indonesia (formerly: BAP or Certified Open public Accountant).

Modern accounting. Core theory of modern economic accounting is on-entry system. The system includes making at least two entries for each and every deal: a debit on an account, and a related credit on another account. The total number of debits must always equal the total amount of credit. This will facilitate the examination if an error occurs. This method is known first used in medieval Europe, though some are found this way have been used since ancient Greek times.

Critics say that the standard accounting practices have not really changed much since then. Accounting reforms in various forms always occur in every generation to keep up the relevance of accounting with capital property or production capacity. Nevertheless, this does not change the basic rules of accounting, which is definitely expected not to rely on such economic influence.

Accounting as an art that is based on mathematical logic – now known as the “bookkeeping” (double-access bookkeeping) – provides been understood in Italy since 1495 when Luca Pacioli (1445-1517), also referred to as Friar (Dad) Luca dal Borgo, released a publication on the “bookkeeping” in Venice. The first well-known English-language books released in London by John Gouge or Gough in 1543.

A short publication featuring instruction accounting likewise released in 1588 by John Mellis of Southwark, in which includes his own phrases, “I am but the renuer and Reviver of an ancient old copie printed here in London the 14 of August 1543: the gathered, published, made , and set forth by one Hugh Oldcastle, Scholemaster, who, as appeareth by his Treatise, in that case taught Arithmetics, and this booke in Saint Ollaves parish in Marko Lane. ” John Mellis refers to the fact that the accounting rules that he describes (which is a simple system of double-entry / double entry) is “after the forme of Venice”.

At the beginning of the 18th century, the providers of accountants based in London has been used in an investigation of a director of the South Sea Company, who was traded stock company. During this investigation, the accountant check at least two of the company’s books. His record described in the publication Sawbridge and Business, by Charles Snell, Publishing Grasp and Accountant in Foster Lane, London. United States owes the concept of interest Public Accountant registered in the British Chartered Accountant who provides been coined in the 19th century.
History.

Accounting as an art that is based on mathematical logic – now known as the “bookkeeping” (double-access bookkeeping) – provides been understood in Italy since 1495 when Luca Pacioli (1445-1517), also referred to as Friar (Dad) Luca dal Borgo, released a publication on the “bookkeeping” in Venice. The first well-known English-language books released in London by John Gouge or Gough in 1543.

A short publication featuring instruction accounting likewise released in 1588 by John Mellis of Southwark, which contained his phrases, “I am but the renuer and Reviver of an ancient old copie printed here in London the 14 of August 1543: the gathered, published, made, and set forth by one Hugh Oldcastle, Scholemaster, who, as appeareth by his Treatise, in that case taught Arithmetics, and this booke in Saint Ollaves parish in Marko Lane. ” ( “I am a reformer and Starters back again from historic copies printed here in London on August 14, 1543: compiled, published, developed and appointed by Hugh Oldcastle, Scholemaster, which shows up in his treatise, in that case taught arithmetic, and this publication in the parish of Saint Ollaves in Marko Lane. “) John Mellis refers to the fact that the accounting rules that he describes (which is a simple system of double-entry / double entry) is” after the forme of Venice “.

At the beginning of the 18th century, the providers of accountants based in London has been utilized for an investigation of the directors of the South Sea Company, who was traded stock company. During this investigation, the accountant check at least two of the company’s books. His record described in the publication Sawbridge and Business, by Charles Snell, Publishing Grasp and Accountant in Foster Lane, London. United States owes the concept of interest Public Accountant registered in the British Chartered Accountant who provides been coined in the 19th century.

Citilink Beri Penjelasan Terkait Kasus Pembobolan Situs Tiket Online

PT Citilink akhirnya memberi penjelasan terkait pemberitaan yang beredar baru-baru ini bahwa situs tiket online telah dibobol. Bahkan, Direktorat Cyber Bareskrim Polri telah berhasil menangkap sindikat kasus pembobol situs jual beli tiket online di PT Global Networking atau tiket.com. PT Citilink mengungkap bahwa bukan situs resmi tiket Citilink mereka yang dibobol, namun situs partner. Pihak Citilink memberikan respon bahwa bukan situs resmi mereka yang telah kebobolan, melainkan agen travel online yang dipakai untuk membeli tiket pesawat promo citilink itulah yang dibobol. Hal ini dijelaskan langsung oleh Corporate Communication Citilink yaitu Ageng W. Leksono.

Lebih lanjut Ageng menjelaskan bahwa tidak terjadi pembobolan pada situs tiket pesawat Citilink. Ia juga menegaskan bahwa semua transaksi yang telah dilakukan di situs Citilink dijamin aman. Aktivitas pembobolan yang sempat terjadi tidak dilakukan pada situs Citilink ataupun server Citilink. Sehingga, transaksi di situs resmi milik Citilink masih tetap aman. Dalam investigasi yang dilakukan Direktorat Cyber Bareskrim Polri sendiri, pihak Citilink sudah bekerja sama dengan kooperatif untuk menjadi saksi serta memberikan keterangannya. Kasus ini dinyatakan tidak terjadi pada situs Citilink dan pihak Citilink telah menyerahkan kasus sepenuhnya pada pihak kepolisian. Seluruh aktivitas akses ilegal dalam pembelian tiket penerbangan tidak berkaitan dnegan aktivitas transaksi yang ada di situs resmi Citilink Indonesia.

Kasus ini bermula pada akhir 2016 lalu saat Bareskrim Polri menerima laporan dari PT Global Network yang terkait dengan kasus hacking berupa illegal access. Kasus ini berupa penggunaan aplikasi jual beli tiket pesawat online milik pihak tiket.com pada sistem aplikasi jual beli tiket promo Citilink. Pelaku diperkirakan melakukan akses ilegal pada server di PT Citilink dari akun PT Global Network. Kerugian yang dialami mencapai 4 miliar rupiah. Untungnya pihak PT Global Network segera mengetahui hal ini dan tiket citilink yang belum sempat terbang dibatalkan melalui refund, sehingga total kerugian tersisa 1.9 miliar. Polisi diketahui telah menangkap empat tersangka atas kasus ini.

Terbang Ke Malaysia Bersama Air Asia

Apakah anda sudah pernah naik pesawat terbang? Jika belum, tidak ada salahnya sesekali pergi menggunakan pesawat terbang. Kali ini, akan diberikan informasi pengalaman menggunakan salah satu maskapai penerbangan bertarif rendah yaitu Air Asia menuju Malaysia. Seperti yang sudah tertera pada slogan Air Asia yaitu kini semua orang dapat terbang, Air Asia memiliki harga tiket pesawat Air Asia yang sangat terjangkau. Terlebih untuk terbang ke Malaysia yang merupakan pusat dari Air Asia, banyak sekali promo menarik dan tahun 2017 ini juga banyak promo Air Asia.

Dari Indonesia banyak sekali tiket pesawat Air Asia yang langsung menuju Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Contohnya dari Bandara Soetta atau juga dari Bandara Adi Sucipto. Tidak ada salahnya, sesekali memanjakan diri berlibur ke luar negeri. Pasti banyak orang yang mengira jika berlibur ke luar negeri haruslah menyiapkan banyak biaya. Pemikiran seperti ini tidaklah sepenuhnya benar lantaran siapapun kini bisa sangat berhemat dimulai dari membeli tiket promo Air Asia. Biasanya, tiket promo Air Asia diberikan untuk siapa saja yang booking tiket jauh jauh hari. Artinya, jika anda ingin tiket pesawat murah maka anda harus memesannya terlebih dahulu jauh sebelum tanggal keberangkatan. Harga tiket pesawat promo untuk langsung sampai ke Kuala Lumpur Malaysia ini cukup menggiurkan. Sangat cocok untuk anda yang ingin berlibur ke luar negeri dengan budget pas pasan.

Bagi anda yang belum pernah menggunakan Air Asia khususnya kelas ekonomi, jangan harapkan ada layanan yang prima. Ya, tiket murah Air Asia memang hanya mengantarkan anda ke bandara tujuan. Tidak ada layanan makan dan minum dalam pesawat, dan tidak ada pula hiburan dalam penerbangan. Ketika masuk ke dalam pesawat akan dijumpai tempat duduk yang rapat dan sedikit terasa sesak. Tidak ada pula monitor di depan mata anda untuk menonton film atau video. Bagi yang kelaparan dan kehausan masih ada pramugari yang siap menawarkan anda makanan dan minuman tentunya dengan membayarnya diatas pesawat. Namun, hal ini tidak begitu penting lantaran anda akan tetap bisa sampai ke bandara tujuan dan bisa menikmati liburan dengan sangat hemat.